The road roller is used to trample, smash and compact the soil to treat the foundation of the house, compact the dam and the river embankment. Before the middle of the 19th century, the western road engineering was mainly paved with gravel, and the compaction was mainly carried out by the vehicle. After the invention of the rolling stone machine in 1858, the development of gravel pavement was promoted, and the compaction work with the horse-drawn roller was gradually emerged. This was the earliest prototype of the road roller. In 1860, a steam roller appeared in France. Further promoted and improved the construction technology and quality of gravel pavement and accelerated the progress. At the beginning of the 20th century, the world recognized that gravel pavement was the best road at that time and was promoted to the whole world. The concept of compaction was gradually known. The road roller was also used in various road construction sites. In the mid-19th century, the invention of internal combustion engines It has brought tremendous vitality to the development of compaction equipment. The first internal combustion engine driven roller was born in the early 20th century. Subsequent to the tire roller, the sheep foot roller compactor and the light roller compactor were produced at the same time. The compaction effect of the static roller was studied. It is believed that increasing the weight of the roller can increase the line pressure of the roller and increase the pressure. Real effect. Therefore, for a long period of time, people have been committed to the development of large-tonnage road rollers, the largest tire roller has weighed more than 200 tons, but during this period, the change of the roller is still the main body power and shape improvement.